Accounting for Receivables

The Jedger of Costello Company at the end of the current year shows Accounts Receivable $110,000, Sales Revenue $840,000, and Sales Returns and Allowances $20,000.


  1. If Costello uses the direct write-off method to account for uncollectible accounts, journalize the adjusting entry at December 31, assuming Costello determines that L. Dole's $1,400 balance is uncollectible.
  2. If Allowance for doubtful Accounts has a credit balance of $2,100 in the trial balance, journalize the adjusting entry at December 31, assuming bad debts are expected to be (1) 1% of net sales, and (2) 10% of acconts receivable
  3. If Allowance for Doubtful Accounts has a debit balance of $200 in the trial balance, journalize the adjusting entry at December 31, assuming bad debts are expected to be (1) 0.75% of net sales and (2) 6% of accounts receivable.

Menge Company has accounts receivable of $93,100 at March 31. Credit terms are 2/10, n/30. At March 31, Allowance for Doubtful Accounts has a credit balance of $1,200 prior to adjustment. The company uses the percentage-of-receivables basis for estimating noncollectable accounts. The company's estimate of bad debts is shown below.


  1. Determine the total estimated uncollectibles
  2. Prepare the adjusting entry at March 31 to record bad debt expense.

At December 31, 2019, Finzelberg Company had a credit balance of $15,000 in Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. During 2020, Finzelberg wrote off accounts totaling $11,000. One of those accounts ($1,800) was later collected. At December 31, 2020, an aging schedule indicated that the balance in Allowance for Doubtful Accounts should be $19,000.


Prepare journal entries to record the 2020 transactions of Finzelberg Company.

On December 31, 2019, Ling Co. estimated that 2% of its net sales of $450,000 will become uncollectible. the company recorded this amount as an addition to Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. On May 11, 2020, Ling Co. determined that the Jeff Shoemaker account was uncollectible and wrote off $1,100. On June 12, 2020, Shoemaker paid the amount previously written off.


Prepare the journal entries on December 31, 2019, May 11, 2020, and June 12, 2020.

Presented below are two independent situations.
  1. On March 3, Kitselman Appliances sells $650,000 of its receivables to Ervay Factors Inc. Ervay Factors assesses a finance charge of 3% of the amount of receivables sold. Prepare the entry on Kitselman Appliances books to record the sale of the receivables.
  2. On May 10, Fillmore Company sold merchandise for $3,000 and accepted the custoemr's America Bank MasterCard. America Bank charges a 4% service charge for credit card sales. Prepare the entry on Fillmore Company's books to record the sale of merchandise.

Presented below are two independent situations.
  1. On April 2, Jennifer Eiston uses her JCPenney Company credit card to purchase merchandise from a JCPenney store for $1,500. On May 1, Elston is is billed for the $1,500 amount due. Eiston pays $500 on the balance due on May 3. Eiston received a bill dated June 1 for the amount due, including interest at 1.0% per month on the unpaid balance as of May3. Prepare the entries on JCPenney Co.'s books related to the transactions that occurred on April 2, May 3, and June 1.
  2. on July 4, Spangler's Restaurant accepts a Visa card for a $200 dinner bill. Visa charges a 2% service fee. Prepare the entry on Spangler's books related to this transactions.

Colaw Stores accepts both its own and national credit cards. During the year, the following selected summary transactions occurred.
Jan. 15Made Colaw credit card sales totaling $18,000. (There were no balance prior to January 15.)
20Made Visa credit card sales (service charge fee 2%) totaling $4,500.
Feb. 10Collected $10,000 on Colaw credit card sales
15Added finance charges of 1.5% to Colaw credit card account balances.


Journalize the transactions for Colaw Stores

Elburn Supply Co. has the following transactions related to notes receivable during the last 2 months of 2019. the company does not make entries to accrue interest except at December 31.
Nov. 1Loaned $30,000 cash to Manny Lopez on a 12 month, 10% note.
Dec. 11Sold goods to Ralph Kremer, Inc., receiving a $6,750, 90-day, 8% note
16Received a $4,000, 180 day, 9% note in exchange for Joe Fernetti's outstanding accounts receivable.
31Accrued interest revenue on all notes receivable.


  1. Journalize the transactions for Elburn Supply Co.
  2. Record the collection of the Lopez note at its maturity in 2020.

Record the following transactions for Redeker Co. in the general journal.


May 1Received a $9,000, 12-month 10% note in exchange for Mark Chamber's outstanding accounts receivable.
Dec. 31Accrued interest on the Chamber note.
Dec. 31Closed the interest revenue account.


May 1Received principal plus interest on the Chamber note.(no interest has been accrued in 2021

Vandiver Company had the following select transactions
Apr. 1, 2019Accepted Goodwin Company's 12-month, 12% note in settlement of a $30,000 account receivable.
July 1, 2019Loaned $25,000 cash to Thomas Slocombe on a 9-month, 10% note.
Dec. 31, 2019Accrued interest on all notes receivable.
Apr. 1, 2020Received principal plus interest on the Goodwin note.
Apr. 1, 2020thomas Slocombe dishonored its note; Vandiver expects it will eventually collect.


Prepare journal entries to record the transactions. Vandiver prepares adjusting entries once a year on December 31.

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